What You Will Learn
Discover the basics of how to lower cholesterol—all based on expert health information from the National Library of Medicine. Get answers to common questions asked about how to lower your cholesterol.
- What is cholesterol?
- What are the treatments for high cholesterol?
- What medicines can help lower cholesterol?
- How can lipoprotein apheresis help lower cholesterol?
- What supplements can help lower cholesterol?
How to Lower Cholesterol Explained From the Experts Video
This video brought to you by The NASH Facts™ project—an organization committed to bringing you expert information from trusted sources related to fatty liver disease and NASH.
How to Lower Cholesterol
What Is Cholesterol?
Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much in your blood, it can stick to the walls of your arteries and narrow or even block them. This puts you at risk for coronary artery disease and other heart diseases.
Cholesterol travels through the blood on proteins called lipoproteins. One type, LDL, is sometimes called the “bad” cholesterol. A high LDL level leads to a buildup of cholesterol in your arteries. Another type, HDL, is sometimes called the “good” cholesterol. It carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Then your liver removes the cholesterol from your body.
There are steps that you can take to lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol and raise your HDL (good) cholesterol. By keeping your cholesterol levels in range, you can lower your risk of heart diseases.
What Are the Treatments for High Cholesterol?
The main treatments for high cholesterol are lifestyle changes and medicines.
Lifestyle changes to lower cholesterol
Heart-healthy lifestyle changes that can help you lower or control your cholesterol include:
- Heart-healthy eating. A heart-healthy eating plan limits the amount of saturated and trans fats that you eat. It recommends that you eat and drink only enough calories to stay at a healthy weight and avoid weight gain. It encourages you to choose a variety of nutritious foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats. Examples of eating plans that can lower your cholesterol include the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes diet and the DASH eating plan
- Weight Management. If you are overweight, losing weight can help lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol. This is especially important for people with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that includes high triglyceride levels, low HDL (good) cholesterol levels, and being overweight with a large waist measurement (more than 40 inches for men and more than 35 inches for women)
- Physical Activity. Everyone should get regular physical activity (30 minutes on most, if not all, days)
- Managing stress. Research has shown that chronic stress can sometimes raise your LDL cholesterol and lower your HDL cholesterol
- Quitting smoking. Quitting smoking can raise your HDL cholesterol. Since HDL helps to remove LDL cholesterol from your arteries, having more HDL can help to lower your LDL cholesterol
What Medicines Can Help Lower Cholesterol?
For some people, making lifestyle changes alone does not their lower cholesterol enough. They may also need to take medicines. There are several types of cholesterol-lowering drugs available. They work in different ways and can have different side effects. Talk to your health care provider about which medicine is right for you.
Even if you take medicines to lower your cholesterol, you still need to continue with lifestyle changes.
How Can Lipoprotein Apheresis Help Lower Cholesterol?
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited form of high cholesterol. Some people who have FH may get a treatment called lipoprotein apheresis. This treatment uses a filtering machine to remove LDL cholesterol from the blood. Then the machine returns the rest of the blood back to the person.
What Supplements Can Help Lower Cholesterol?
Some companies sell supplements that they say can lower cholesterol. Researchers have studied many of these supplements, including red yeast rice, flaxseed, and garlic. At this time, there isn’t conclusive evidence that any of them are effective in lowering cholesterol levels. Also, supplements may cause side effects and interactions with medicines. Always check with your health care provider before you take any supplements.
The NASH Facts™ Project would like to thank MedlinePlus from the National Library of Medicine and the NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
MedlinePlus brings together authoritative health information from the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies and health-related organizations.
The primary NIH organization for research on How to Lower Cholesterol is the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
What You Should Remember
- The main treatments for high cholesterol are lifestyle changes and medicines
- There are several types of cholesterol-lowering drugs available if you need take medicine to lower your cholesterol
- At this time, there is no conclusive evidence that supplements are effective in lowering cholesterol levels
- Always check with your health care provider before you make any lifestyle changes or take any supplements